Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)
A federal law that requires lenders and other creditors to make credit equally available without discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, marital status, or receipt of income from public assistance programs.
Earnest Money Deposit
A deposit made by the potential home buyer to show that he or she is serious about buying the house.
The earnest money deposit is a "good-faith" payment you submit with your offer on a home to show the seller you are serious about proceeding.
The earnest money is deposited in an escrow account and will be applied to your closing costs.
Sometimes, your lender will want you to bring a receipt for the earnest money deposit along with your sales contract to the initial loan application meeting.
A right of way giving persons other than the owner access to or over a property
The right of a government to take private property for public use upon payment of its fair market value. Eminent domain is the basis for condemnation proceedings.
An improvement that intrudes illegally on another's property.
Anything that affects or limits the fee simple title to a property, such as mortgages, leases, easements, or restrictions.
A homeowner's financial interest in a property. Equity is the difference between the fair market value of the property and the amount still owed on its mortgage.
A lender determines how much equity you have in your home by taking the appraised value of the home and subtracting any mortgage debt.
For example, if your house is valued at $150,000 and your mortgage balance is $80,000, you have $70,000 equity in the house.
An item of value, money, or documents deposited with a third party to be delivered upon the fulfillment of a condition. For example, the deposit by a borrower with the lender of funds to pay taxes and insurance premiums when they become due, or the deposit of funds or documents with an attorney or escrow agent to be disbursed upon the closing of a sale of real estate.
The ownership interest of an individual in real property. The sum total of all the real property and personal property owned by an individual at time of death.
The lawful expulsion of an occupant from real property.
Examination of Title
The report on the title of a property from the public records or an abstract of the title.
A written contract that gives a licensed real estate agent the exclusive right to sell a property for a specified time, but reserving the owner's right to sell the property alone without the payment of a commission.
A person named in a will to administer an estate. The court will appoint an administrator if no executor is named. "Executrix" is the feminine form.